bwindi gorilla families
Uganda Habituates approximately 1006 endangered mountain gorilla’s which is half of world’s total mountain gorilla population staying in Bwindi and Mgahinga national parks.
For each gorilla family, a maximum of eight (8) gorilla permits is offered for Mountain gorilla trekking experienced for each gorilla family has a maximum of eight gorilla permits being issued daily by the Uganda wildlife authority to tourists so that they can get a chance to see these amazing Giants in their natural environment.
Bwindi mountain gorilla family’s areas listed below in four different sectors being habituated
Rushaga sector has five mountain gorilla groups habitat in Bwindi Forest those groups include, Busingye gorilla group, Nshongi Group, Kahungye group, Bweza group, and Mishaya Gorilla Family
1.Nshongi mountain gorilla group
Group size: twenty-six individuals with four silverbacks
Nshongi mountain gorilla group was first seen near River Nshongi and it was named In September 2009, opened for tourism trekking experience with thirty-six (36) individuals, Nshongi mountain gorilla family had silverbacks that lived in harmony without conflicts, In July 2010 Nshongi mountain gorilla group split into two groups by Mishaya leading 10 members that ended forming another group called Mishaya.
2.Mishaya mountain gorilla group
Group size: twelve individuals with one silverback
Nshongi mountain gorilla group got split by one silverback called Mishaya In July 2010 which formed his new family called the Mishaya mountain gorilla group. Due to Mishaya fighting character, he faced several encounters with other gorilla families over the years where he managed to increase his family number
3.Kahungye Gorilla Family
Group size: thirteen with three silverbacks
Kahungye mountain gorilla group is among the recent gorilla families habituated within the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park that were opened for trekking experiences in October 2011, Kahungye mountain gorilla group comprised of twenty-seven (27) individuals among which were three silverbacks and about a year later Kahungye gorilla family got slit by a dominant silverback called Gwigi to form the Busingye gorilla family.
Busingye Gorilla Family
Group size: nine individuals with one silverback
Busingye mountain gorilla group separated from the Kahungye mountain gorilla group in June 2012 by a silverback to form the Busingye gorilla family, the dominant silverback Busingye means ‘peace’ although he loves fighting with other mountain gorilla families
5.Bweza Gorilla Family
Group size: nine individuals with one dormant silverback
Nshongi mountain gorilla group the largest mountain gorilla group of Bwindi impenetrable forest national park got split by a silverback called Mishaya to form his own group called Mishaya mountain gorilla group in July 2010, two years down the road a silverback called Bweza decided to leave the group and ending up forming his own called Bweza mountain gorilla family in December 2012.
Buhoma sector of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is home to Mubare Gorilla family, Rushegura gorilla family, and Habinyanja Gorilla Family
6.Mubare gorilla group
Gorilla size: nine individuals with one silverback
Mubare gorilla family was opened for tourism experience in 1993 which makes it the oldest habituated mountain gorilla family in Uganda. Mubare gorilla family was first seen close to Mubare Hill in the depth of Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and that is how it got its group name. Mubare gorilla group was led by a silverback called Ruhondeza as the dominant male silverback
7.Habinyanja gorilla group
Location: Buhoma -Kahororo-Rubina
Group size: seventeen members with two silverbacks
Habinyanja gorilla family habituation process started in 1997, later in 1999 it was opened for tourism, Habinyanja gorilla group was first spotted close to Habinyanja swamp within Bwindi impenetrable forest of Bwindi National Park and it got its name from this that, Habinyanja was led by a silverback called Mugurisi a word that means ‘old man’ who later died due to his old age and left the group to be led by his two brothers Mwirima and Rwansigazi.
8. Rushegura gorilla family
Group size: nineteen individuals with one silverback
Rushegura gorilla group separated from Habinyanja family in 2002, they moved to a place called Rushegura after which it was named, Rushegura gorilla group was led by a silverback Mwirima with twelve individuals among which were five females.
Nkuringo sector of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest – which is physically challenging but the most rewarding sector of Bwindi forest to enjoy Gorilla safaris – is habitat to Nkuringo Gorilla Family
9.Nkuringo Gorilla Family
Group size: nineteen with silverbacks
Nkuringo gorilla family got its name from a Rukiga language which means a ‘round hill’ and it was where the Nkuringo gorilla family was first seen. Nkuringo gorilla family have a habit of moving from the lower slopes to the Village communities nearby, Nkuringo gorilla group was led by a silverback called Nkuringo, who passed on in April 2008, he left two silverbacks Rafiki and safari to rule his family.
Ruhija sector of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest – is home to Bitukura Gorilla group and Oruzogo gorilla family
10.Bitukura gorilla group
Group size: fourteen individuals with four silverbacks
Bitukura gorilla group was first sighted close to River Bitukura after which it got its group named within the Ruhija region of Bwindi forest National Park. Butikura was opened for tourism in October 2008, today the Bitukura gorilla family has four silverbacks and amazingly being led by a silverback called Ndahura the second youngest silverback that took over leadership from a silverback called Karamuzi who retired 40 years after his leadership.
11.Oruzogo Gorilla Family
Group size: twenty-five individuals with two silverbacks
Oruzogo gorilla group is led by a silverback called Tibirikwata, Oruzogo gorilla family was opened for tourism in 2011, In June 2011 a female gorilla called Ntamurungi gave birth with other two female gorillas that brought tremendous joy to the Oruzogo gorilla family over the years.