Will The Rothschild's Giraffe Survive In Africa

will the rothschild's giraffe survive in africa


Uganda host many rare mammal species such as the immediate mountain gorilla is mentioned.  Uganda is blessed to have abundant flora and fauna that harbors an even rarer mammal species. Rothschild’s giraffe is also called giraffes in Uganda or Baringo giraffe). According to September 2015, Rothschild’s total number estimated was around 840 individuals, scattered across 13 populations in Uganda, South Sudan, and Kenya. Although the species is already extinct which makes Rothschild’s giraffe among the rarest mammal species in the world. In comparison Rothschild giraffe is still in the danger zone, Uganda today hosts more than 900 mountain gorillas being protected in the Afromontane forests in Uganda, DR Cong, and Rwanda.


Ever since 2007 the Rothschild’s giraffe has been acknowledged as a unique species but not as a subspecies. According to IUCN in 2012 it listed Rothschild’s giraffe as an endangered species. If no action is taken, Rothschild’s giraffe will face extinction in the near future. The extra fact is that there are more beautiful animals protected in zoos around the world.

Distribution of Rothschild in Africa.


Rothschild’s giraffe originally was being inhabited in the region from the Rift Valley within west-central Kenya, in Uganda along the Nile River, and Rothschild are protected in northward of southern Sudan.


Lately, Rothschild’s giraffe can be spotted only in the wild only in Uganda and Kenya, Kenya has reintroduced Rothschild giraffes’ populations that happen mutually isolated, fenced areas, in most disclosed places such as Lake Nakuru National Park. 


Rothschild’s giraffes' drastic declining population the Rothschild’s giraffe population began in the early 1960s and 1970s of the last century due to the civil war. From the estimate of about 2000 individuals from between 1960, although the Rothschild giraffes’ population dropped from 2000 to about 200 individuals in 1999. Today Rothschild giraffes’ greatest threats are the continued human population growth that encroaches on protected areas, poachers, segregation of giraffe populations, and human-wildlife conflicts.


Distribution of Rothschild giraffe’s population in Uganda

 Uganda’s Rothschild’s giraffe population is concentrated in the northern savannah parks such as Murchison Falls National Park and Kidepo Valley National Park. Rothschild giraffe’s population is the only giraffe unique species that travelers can spot in Uganda.


The wild Rothschild giraffe’s population in Murchison Falls National Park was over 750 in according to the Uganda Wildlife Authority but by 1991 there were only 78 individuals surviving in the wild.


Kidepo valley national park had a total of 400 Rothschild giraffe population in 1970, the consistent threat made Rothschild giraffe reduce to only five individuals by 1997 and three individuals including one male and two females were brought from Kenya to Lake Nakuru National Park. Recently the Rothschild’s giraffe’s population stand at 65 individuals.


Uganda’s Rothschild giraffes Rescue mission

In June and early July 2015, the Ugandan body that is responsible for the protection of all protected areas in Uganda called the Uganda Wildlife Authority translocated over 15 Rothschild’s giraffes to Uganda’s smallest national park Lake Mburo National Park. The translocation of the Rothschild giraffe’s purpose is to guarantee the conservation of the Rothschild giraffe species by disturbing the Rothschild giraffe population across Uganda. Scattering Rothschild’s population, for example, will help in less vulnerable to deadly infectious diseases that could wipe out the largest population. 

In the near future, more Rothschild’s giraffes from within Murchison Falls National Park shall be translocated to Uganda’s second-largest national park Queen Elizabeth National Park, and to the southern section of Murchison Falls National Park.



Travelers visiting Ugandan parks to Murchison Falls National Park, Lake Mburo national park, and Kidepo Valley National Park should be sure of spotting the Rothschild’s giraffes, they are unique in their own kind. No one is sure and should not happen that this unique Rothschild type of giraffe will be face extinction in the near future.

Uganda Wildlife Authority is convinced with an aim of protecting the Rothschild’s giraffe from extinction. Uganda protects Rothschild regardless of the two negative reports in 2011 stating that oil drilling in Murchison Falls National Park will threaten the population of Rothschild’s giraffe.